PRP Therapy For Plantar Fasciitis & Achilles Tendonitis
Protein Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection Therapy
How Does PRP (Protein Rich Plasma) Injection Therapy Work?
PRP (protein rich plasma) injection therapy is a new non-operative treatment that enhances surgical repair and provides an option for variety of foot conditions and injuries that have traditionally either required surgery or other extensive procedures. It can also be used to heal areas of chronic injury and areas that cannot be fixed with surgery. The most common uses of PRP in the foot are chronic plantar fasciitis, plantar fascia tears, posterior tibial tendonitis and Achilles tendonitis. Patients may typically need 2 to 3 injections to resolve their condition.
By using the patient's own blood, the blood is placed in a special machine that spins the blood at high speeds, which separates the platelets from the other blood components. The platelets are then concentrated and re-injected into the injured area or arthritic joint. In turn, the platelets release substances known as growth factors that lead to improved natural tissue healing.
Platelets initiate repair and attract the assistance of stem cells. Regenerative injection therapy works by releasing the growth factors in an injured site or arthritic joint. The injected platelets release the growth factors and facilitate the process of regeneration and remodeling of the damaged area. This process is known as the "healing process."
Why use your own platelets?
Platelets are tiny cells that are critical to healing. They are the body's primary source of bioactive tissue growth factors. The platelets contain thousands of growth factors, which include:
- Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF)
- Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PGDF)
- Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-β)
- Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF)
- Insulin Growth Factor (IGF)
- Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (BFGF)
- Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)
Together, these compounds control and regulate your natural healing process in response to injury and degenerative changes. By concentrating these growth factors and injecting them at the site of injury, a robust healing response is achieved.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) also attracts mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs are multi-potent stem cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types during tissue repair processes. Cell types that MSCs have been shown to differentiate into include collagen secreting cells, bone forming osteoblasts and cartilage forming chondrocytes. Together these cells have the potential of rejuvenating tissues damaged by injury, degenerative changes, and osteoarthritis.
The Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) process concentrates fibrin, mesenchymal stem cells, and platelets so that each cubic millimeter of solution contains 1.5 to 2 million platelets, resulting in up to a five-fold increase in platelets and bioactive growth factors. Because it is so concentrated, Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) acts as a potent tissue growth stimulant, amplifying the natural process of tissue repair and healing.
Studies show that Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) induces the production of new collagen by the fibroblasts, bone and cartilage cells at the site of the injection, rebuilding the joint cartilage and strengthening injured ligaments and tendons. This new collagen is naturally incorporated directly into your existing cartilage and ligaments, making them thicker, stronger and more elastic.